But what it means democracy and which its relevance in the antiquity? . first analyses on the meaning of the term democracy had been made by Aristotle in its book Politics. In this book it makes the distinction of ' ' six forms of governo' '. Aristotle ' ' he called demokratia (demons, people; Kratos, power) an unjust government governed by many, and of politeia a system just governed by many, normally translated as republic (of Latin the reverse speeds it publishes, what he is public) ' ' for in such a way the old ones they saw the democracy as a government form me where the ideal would be a monarchy or same autarchy as it idealized Aristotle and Plato. (YOU SMOKE, 2010).
Currently, the term democracy says respect ' ' to a government for the people he is direct or representativo' ' (Ibid, p.3); the term republic generally is used to mention ' ' a system politician where a state head is elect for an limited time, opposing of a monarchy constitucional' '. (Ibid) But if the ideal form of government would be a monarchy, and in this bias the democracy would be a form of not ideal government, which contribution of Scrates for its instauration in the present time? . As already the Scrates philosopher was said in the introduction of this article was condemned in jury publishes the death (poisoned for taking cicuta) defendant to corrupt youth and to nail the new existence of deuses in the city. Scrates the same did not try nor to defend itself on the contrary of this fought until its end to defend its ideas, it made what it until the last minute of its life. After this, if passed 24 centuries more than little we reflect on the grandiosidade of the act of this illustrious thinker who marked the philosophical thought.