January 06, 2013

Bibliography In the reality, this author defines the geographic scale as a hierarchy of levels of analysis of the social space, that can be conceived as a encaixante of structures, clarifying, however, that nor all area is a structure. The concept is created from the critical one to the cartographic empiricist and the fenomenolgicos presumptions of the subjective scale of geography humanist, searching to articulate the empirical necessity of space clippings with the allegiance to the paradigm of the historical materialism, that is, of the social relations of production. Other authors as Racine, Raffestin and Rufey in 1983 Also detach the inconvenience of the analogy between the cartographic and geographic scales. For them this problem exists because geography does not make use of a proper concept of scale and adopted the cartographic concept, even so is not evident that this it is appropriate, therefore the cartographic scale states the representation of the space as geometric form, while the geographic scale states the representation of the relations that the societies keep with this geometric representation. Some recurrent questions had appeared: the bibliographical scarcity on the subject; geography does not make use of a proper concept of scale; it has few authors who if worry about the scale as essential a metodolgico problem; the scale as metodolgico problem in geography is difficult and still requires abstraction and reflection effort. Bibliography I CASTRATE, In Elias. The Problem of Escala.
Jacopo Children Like politician, it obtained a little Wikipedia importance, contributes to us, that accurately does not know the date of its birth, is accustomed to him to locate between the 21 of May and the 21 of June of 1265. It could be baptized with the name of During in the Baptistry of Florence, and Dante could be the hipocorstica version of such name. Her family was a great Florentine family whose true name is Alaghieri, favorable to the Guelfic party. His father, Alighiero de Bellincione, were white Guelf, but he did not undergo the revenge of the Ghibellines, after his victory in the battle of Montaperti. This salvation gave a certain prestige him to the family. The mother of Dante was Beautiful degli Abat and died when Dante was only 5 or 6 years old. To little his Alighiero father one became to marry with Lapa I gave Chiarissimo Cialuffise (exists controversy as far as that wedding, proposing that both has been united without contracting marriage, due to raised difficulties, at the time, to the wedding of widowers). The father of Dante had with her two children: Francesco and Tana (Gaetana). While it studied in his native city in 1278, he was disciple of Brunetto Latini, that makes appearance in Hell (song XV), and was friend of Cavalcanti poet. When Dante was 12 years old, it was committed with Gemma, daughter of Messer Manetto Donati, with which it married then, in 1291. The marriages negotiated to so precocious ages were then frequent and constituted an important ceremony, that it demanded signed official acts in front of notary. Dante had several children with Gemma. As he is frequent, some people are made call natural children of some famous personage, the same happened with Dante, and is probable that Jacopo, Pietro or Antonia were their real children.